|Side||Unit Name||Base No's||Unit Type||Artillery Type||Comments/Notes|
|British and Hessian|
|British||Rogers Rangers - 1st Battalion||1 and 2||Rangers OO||N/A|
|British||Rogers Rangers - 2nd Battalion||3 and 4||Rangers OO||N/A||See previous entry..|
|Hessian||Brunswick Jaegers||5 and 6||Line Infantry CO||N/A||
Based on plate no. 126 in the Mollo "Uniforms of the American Revolution" book. During the American Revolutionary War, Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse-Kassel and other German leaders hired out about 30,000 of their conscripted subjects as auxiliaries to Great Britain to fight against the Americans. The gentlemen depicted here were subjects of Duke Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a blood relation of George III; and the first ruler to sign a contract to send troops to North America. The contract was approved by the duchy’s Landstands (parliament). "The money received was invested for the general good and the interest was still helping to relieve the tax burden on the general populace of the region in 1918!"
The corps of 4,300 men (176 officers, 389 NCO's, 102 Drummers, 3372 soldiers and 261 servants) received their pay direct from the British government – at the higher rate paid to its own troops – and all equipment was purchased in Brunswick in order to support the local economy.
Theoretically there were only a company of these troops, but I had enough to make two and a half battalions, so if needs must they can also fill in as Hesse-Cassell Jaegers when the need arises. Lots of this information from the Perry website - well worth a read..
|Hessian||Brunswick Jaegers||7 and 8||Line Infantry CO||N/A||See previous entry..|
|Hessian||Brunswick Jaegers||9||Line Infantry CO||N/A||See previous entry.. a single base.|
|Hessian||Brunswick Battalion von Barner||10 and 11||Line Infantry CO||N/A||
More Brunswickers. Plate no. 127 in the Mollo book - and along with the Rangers these were some of the the easiest units to identify. This regiment comprised picked men, and was classed as light infantry (though I have them based in close order).
They were commanded by Major Friedrich Albrecht von Barner. This was a newly raised Battalion of Chasseurs (Jaegers) supplemented by light Infantry from other Brunswick Regiments. They arrived in Quebec in Sep 1776 with the 2nd Division and became part of Burgoyne's army. Fought in the battles of Ticonderoga, Hubbardton, Freeman’s Farm, Bemis Heights, and Saratoga.
|Hessian||Brunswick Battalion von Barner||12||Line Infantry CO||N/A||See previous entry.. a single base.|
|Hessian||Infantry regiment Erbprinz||13 and 14||Line Infantry CO||N/A||
The elite of the elite, and therefore guaranteed to get trounced on every table top outing! Based on plate no. 138 in Mollo. Specifically the plate shows the grenadier, but early in my research I missed the fact that the rest of the battalion would have worn the tricorn... ("Composition – one grenadier and five musketeer companies [24 officers and 522 combatants]; this unit is often wrongly described as being all grenadiers." from the Perry site)
In retrospect I should have chosen them to represent Grenadier Regiment von Rall (or at a pinch one of the Fusilier regiments with their slightly smaller mitres); they may still do if I can summon up enough nerve to have a go at the red stripes of the von Rall trousers!
|Hessian||Regiment Prinz Ludwig - 1st Battalion||15 and 16||Line Infantry CO||N/A||
One of the sadder stories to come out of my reading for the war - identified from plate no 125 in the Mollo. This four squadron regiment of Dragoons arrived in Quebec without their horses, but with all the equipment to make them mounted once horses were sourced... they never were and the regiment served on foot throughout the war.
"The only German auxiliary cavalry regiment to serve in America, the regiment was 336 men strong and was part of the 1st Division, arriving in Quebec in June, 1776. They did not bring their horses with them, hoping to procure them in America. Very few horses were obtained, only enough for small units to act in patrol work, etc. The remainder of the regiment fought in infantry. Their heavy cavalry boots were exchanged for long overalls made from striped ticking material, but much of the remainder of their cavalry dress was retained. They were another of the regiments taken into captivity at the surrender of Saratoga as part of General Burgoyne's Army, although many men were exchanged, escaped from captivity, etc., to re-form the Regiment around the detachment left in Canada." from here.
|Hessian||Regiment Prinz Ludwig - 2nd Battalion||17 and 18||Line Infantry CO||N/A||See previous entry..|
|Hessian||Regiment Prinz Ludwig - 3rd Battalion||19 and 20||Line Infantry CO||N/A||See previous entry..|
|Hessian||Regiment Prinz Ludwig - 4th Battalion||21 and 22||Line Infantry CO||N/A||See previous entry..|
|British||New York Loyalist Artillery||23||Artillery||Medium||
An entirely fictional unit, and one of three artillery pieces on the British side (same for the Americans). I suspect I picked New York because of the brown coats, but I have no idea who these guys were actually painted to represent..
|British||New York Loyalist Artillery||24||Artillery||Light|
As per the previous entry, a fictional unit.
The gun by the way is one of the only plastic pieces to survive the first awakenings of the project - I have no idea what kit it came from though I think it might have been Revell - perhaps an ECW or 30 Years War set, as the gun is slightly old fashioned, but ideal in size for a smaller calibre artillery piece..
|British||16th Light Dragoons||25 and 26||Cavalry||N/A||
John passed me on a significant quantity of British cavalry, I used 12 of them to represent 3 squadrons of the 16th Light Dragoons, far too many, and I've never used them all at the same time... in hindsight and with experience, a little judicious painting could have meant making one of the units the 17th Light Dragoons (the "Death or Glory Boys") I may still do that.
The American War of Independence did not feature cavalry heavily, it was an infantry man's war, so usually I have no more than one, occasionally two, squadrons per side.
I still have a dozen of these guys un-based - I used some for the American's (repainted as a Continental dragoon regiment) and I used some of them for British officers...
Plate no. 90 in Mollo.
|British||New York Loyalist Artillery||27||Artillery||Light||As per previous entry...
|British||16th Light Dragoons||28 and 29||Cavalry||N/A|
|British||16th Light Dragoons||30 and 31||Cavalry||N/A|
|British||24th Light Infantry||32 and 33||Light Infantry OO||N/A|
|British||Royal Irish Regiment||34 and 35||Line Infantry CO||N/A|
|British||33rd Foot||36 and 37||Line Infantry CO||N/A|
|British||17th Foot||38 and 39||Line Infantry CO||N/A|
|British||23rd Foot (Royal Welsh Fusileers)||40 and 41||Line Infantry CO||N/A|
|British||71st (Fraser's) Foot||42 and 43||Line Infantry CO||N/A|
|Hessian||Grenadier Von Donop||44 and 45||Line Infantry CO||N/A||1st IR von Donop - a Hessian regiment destined for the American colonies as part of the British contingent in the War of Independence.|
I may paint a second unit of this regiment (dependant on their actual strength), but in tricorn, as my reading indicates that only a part of the regiment would have worn the brass mitre, most would have worn the normal headgear...
|British||35th Foot (Royal Sussex Regiment)||46 and 47||Line Infantry CO||N/A||
The figures are Parkfield Miniatures, the flag is from the Warflag site (I used one of the generic regimental flags with the colour changes to reflect the regiments unique orange facings)... they were "difficult", or rather not easy, to paint but having finished the basing and the standard I'm quite pleased with how they turned out...
|British||Brunswick Jaeger||48 and 49||Line Infantry OO||N/A||
The more I read about the Jaeger's, the more I realise that my original basing (see bases 5-9...) which was based on my very poor knowledge of the war at the time, was incorrect - you can see that I've based them as close order troops, when in reality they were light infantry, so this time I'd base them as lights, to be used in that role for skirmishing against the flanks of formed troops.
|British||Fusilier Regiment Erbprinz||50 and 51||Line Infantry CO||N/A||I got these figures through a private sale back in 2008; they were partially painted so in this case only required some touching up - some blue ink on the coats, flesh wash, re-painted the gun barrels, and I decided to colour the wigs a more natural colour as I assumed they would soon have "lost" the originals on campaign...
I've taken a bit of a liberty as this regiment became a musketeer regiment in about 1780 (so just before the Yorktown campaign which is my "timestamp" for the AWI project) but as I had the fusilier figures, and the uniform colours were correct for Erbprinz, I decided to go with it anyway...
The fusilier regiment as they would have looked prior to being designated a musketeer regiment and painted by the inestimable Mr Troiani
|British||43rd Regiment of Foot||52 and 53||Line Infantry CO||N/A||
These figures are some of the last of those that Lofty C [clicky] left me, and were already partially painted, so it was more a matter of finishing the rest of the paint job and matching to existing scheme..
John was a "parade ground uniform" painter (something these old school/classic sculpts almost force upon you) so these guys are painted pretty much as the illustration top left.. In reality I suspect the gaiters wouldn't have been full length (but they look good), and during this campaign they would have cut their coats down shorter because of the heat, probably would have had larger, circular, hats, and would have looked a lot more lived in than I have represented them.... but hey, this more than any of my projects is an "old school style" one, a homage, the look is derived from Mollo and Mcgregor [clicky] but more from the style of these old Minifigs sculpts... No flags for this unit...they lost them at Yorktown
|British||Queen's Rangers||54 and 55||Line Infantry CO||N/A||
These were a 'paint conversion' of a unit gifted to me all those years ago by Lofty C [clicky] and which had already been painted...
I think these were listed in the Miniature Figurines catalogue as Hungarians (Line Fusilier Advancing I think - product code ASW7 [clicky]) but from my perspective the most important thing was they were already painted largely hunting green and grey, and just needed a few modifications...so, I added knee length black gaiters (which I thought would be likely on campaign), and applied some paint to the trousers of about three quarters of them to give some variation (again I thought this might be likely for a unit on campaign) - I think that typically the regiment would have worn white trousers... touched up the helmets, added the silver crescent, and the flag started off as the one from Warflag but I modified the central shield and wreath with a better one I found elsewhere on the web... a coat of varnish and a quick wipe over with Dullcote, based, and the jobs a good'un - not as nice as Giles's [clicky] but they'll do!
|British (or American)||Mohawks/American Indians||1 to 8||Indian OO||N/A|
Tuesday, October 04, 2016
AWI re-basing project - British and Hessians (Part 2 of 3)
All figures are Minifigs 25mm unless otherwise stated, click on the unit name to be taken to any specific post for the unit (for more information on unit history etc.)..